Supreme Court to hear pleas challenging the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) today.

The Supreme Court of India is scheduled to hear a batch of petitions challenging the constitutional validity of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) today, September 18, 2023. The CAA is a controversial law that grants citizenship rights to non-Muslim migrants from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan who came to India on or before December 31, 2014.

The CAA has been challenged by several petitioners, including individuals, civil society organizations, and political parties. The petitioners argue that the CAA is discriminatory and violates the fundamental right to equality enshrined in Article 14 of the Constitution of India.

The CAA has also been criticized for its potential to exacerbate religious tensions in India. Critics of the law argue that it creates a two-tier system of citizenship, with Hindus and other non-Muslims being privileged over Muslims.

The Supreme Court hearing today is significant because it could have far-reaching implications for citizenship and migration in India. The Court could uphold the CAA, strike it down, or modify it. A decision to uphold the CAA would likely embolden the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government to pursue other discriminatory policies. A decision to strike down the CAA would be a major blow to the BJP and could lead to a revival of the anti-CAA protests that swept across India in 2019-20.

It is also important to note that the Supreme Court hearing today is taking place in the context of a broader crackdown on dissent and minorities in India. The BJP government has been accused of using the police, the courts, and the media to silence its critics. In this context, the Supreme Court hearing today is a test of the judiciary’s independence and its commitment to upholding the fundamental rights of all Indians.

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